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PhosAgro’s apatite-nepheline ore reserves are of igneous origin and are characterised by a very low level of heavy metals content, including mercury and lead. Unlike sedimentary deposits, toxic heavy metals are not accumulated during the formation of igneous origin deposits.

The Company’s apatite-nepheline ore contains numerous useful elements, such as phosphate, aluminium oxide, titanium dioxide and other rare earth elements, while the content of harmful and hazardous elements, such as cadmium, arsenic, mercury and lead, is very low. Ore from Apatit is characterised by an extremely low level of radioactivity. This enables the Company to process the phosphate rock without any restrictions or additional process stages (and accordingly additional costs) into all types of phosphate-based fertilisers, phosphoric acid, feed, industrial and food-grade phosphates. The concentration of harmful impurities in PhosAgro ore is extremely low. This ensures the high content of useful substances in the concentrate. Phosphate rock produced from ore mined from igneous sources requires less sulphuric acid to produce the quantity of phosphoric acid necessary for the production of phosphate-based fertilisers and other phosphate-based products.

Consequently, the use of phosphate rock facilitates the production of highest-quality products and results in significantly lower processing costs. As a rule, the quality of the phosphate rock is determined by the level of P2O5 content. PhosAgro produces high quality and high-grade phosphate rock with 39%-40% P2O5 content, whereas the phosphate rock produced by most peers has far lower P2O5 content levels of 28%-32%. PhosAgro sell phosphate rock primarily to Russian consumers of complex fertilisers and European producers of food phosphate products and industrial phosphate products, which require phosphate rock with a high nutrient content and low levels of harmful impurities.

PhosAgro is Russia's only producer of Monocalcium Phosphate (MCP), a valuable food additive for livestock and poultry.

Comparative analyses of food phosphates performed by Russian and foreign researchers from the leading R&D institutes (All-Russian Research & Development Institute of Physiology, Biochemistry and Food, Borovsky, All-Russian Research & Development and Technology Poultry Institute, Sergiev Posad, Timiryazevskaya Agricultural Academy, Moscow, MORAN, HOGE CTL (The Netherlands) etc.), demonstrated the clear benefits of monocalcium phosphate compared to other sources of phosphorous in the form of feed phosphates:

  • Highest degree of digestibility (availability);
  • Minimum amount of precipitating phosphorous that pollutes the environment;
  • Minimum amount of mineral mix for maximum digestibility;
  • The addition of monocalcium phosphate to feed mix accelerates weight gain in livestock and poultry by 5-12% compared to other types of feed phosphates.

Ranking

Percentage of digestibility of phosphorous

Pigs

Poultry

1

Monocalcium phosphate

91

85

2

Monodicalcium phosphate

80

79

3

Dicalcium phosphate (dihydrate)

72

80

4

Dicalcium phosphate (monohydrate)

55

65

5

Defluorinate phosphate

60

55

Metachem is Russia’s only producer of granulated high-concentrate chlorine-free potassium sulphate, and also sodium tripolyphosphate – the main raw materials for the production of synthetic detergents.